Demographics in Israel and the Palestinian territories

In 2013, Israel’s Jewish population passed the 6 million mark for the first time.

As of 2014, the population of Israel in 2014 is approximately 8.2 million, about the same size as New York City, with 75% of the population being Jewish Israelis. Israel’s population is growing at around 1.8% per year. The median age of the Israeli population is 30, about 15 years younger than the average age in Germany, Italy and Japan. Israel’s fertility rate is around 3 children for every woman, again well above the average for most developed countries.

The Palestinian population in the State of Palestine in 2014 was approximately 4.4 million, including 1.7 million in the Gaza Strip and 2.7 million in the West Bank. According to the United Nations Relief and Works Agency, which is responsible for the care of Palestinian refugees, more than 1.5 million Palestinian refugees live in camps in countries in the region. The number of Palestinian refugees in neighboring countries but living outside refugee camps is estimated at around 4 million.

The number of Palestinians in Gaza and the West Bank cannot vote in Israel and will not be able to unless there is a one-state solution. A one-state solution will not happen.

Israel continues to aggressively promote fertility, spending more than $60 million a year on state-funded fertility treatments and operating more fertility clinics per capita than any other country in the world.

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