Palestine geography – The Right Road To Peace http://therightroadtopeace.com/ Fri, 23 Sep 2022 10:05:38 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://therightroadtopeace.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/icon-2.png Palestine geography – The Right Road To Peace http://therightroadtopeace.com/ 32 32 Turkey seeks unity as ‘60% of global conflicts’ are in OIC geography https://therightroadtopeace.com/turkey-seeks-unity-as-60-of-global-conflicts-are-in-oic-geography/ Fri, 23 Sep 2022 02:16:14 +0000 https://therightroadtopeace.com/turkey-seeks-unity-as-60-of-global-conflicts-are-in-oic-geography/ The plight of Palestinians, Syrians, Kashmiris, Turkish Cypriots, Uighurs and Rohingya Muslims features prominently in Turkish FM Mevlut Cavusoglu’s speech at the annual OIC gathering in New York. Turkish FM Mevlut Cavusoglu urges all Muslim countries to stand up for the world’s marginalized and oppressed Muslims, at an OIC event in New York. (AA) Turkey […]]]>

The plight of Palestinians, Syrians, Kashmiris, Turkish Cypriots, Uighurs and Rohingya Muslims features prominently in Turkish FM Mevlut Cavusoglu’s speech at the annual OIC gathering in New York.

Turkish FM Mevlut Cavusoglu urges all Muslim countries to stand up for the world’s marginalized and oppressed Muslims, at an OIC event in New York. (AA)

Turkey reiterated its support for flood-hit Pakistan, reaffirmed its support for Palestine and urged members of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) to unite against global conflicts and challenges.

The world is currently “less secure and more uncertain,” Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said Thursday at the Islamic bloc’s annual coordination meeting in New York. “More than two billion people live in conflict areas and unfortunately around 60% of conflicts are in the OIC geography.”

He conveyed his condolences to Pakistan following the deadly floods in the country which affected 33 million people, left at least 1,576 dead and destroyed property and crops worth $30 billion.

“Turkey and the Turkish people will continue to support brotherly Pakistan and Pakistani brothers and sisters,” Cavusoglu said.

Turkey has sent crucial aid to Pakistan by air and land convoys, carrying food and basic necessities to come to the aid of the disaster-stricken South Asian ally.

Regarding Palestine, Cavusoglu said Ankara seeks peace and stability in conflict areas and reiterated that Turkey will continue to support Palestine.

“It is our responsibility to defend the independent and sovereign state of Palestine and Jerusalem as its capital,” Cavusoglu said.

READ MORE: Muslim characters face ‘epidemic of invisibility’ in top 200 TV shows

“Acting in unity”

The OIC is the second largest intergovernmental body after the UN, with its 57 member states spread across four continents.

It was established in 1969 at a historic summit in Rabat, Morocco’s capital, in response to an arson attack on the Al Aqsa Mosque in occupied East Jerusalem.

“In Syria, a lasting solution can only be achieved through a political process based on UN Security Council Resolution 2254,” he said.

Regarding Libya, Cavusoglu said that “the legal basis and the concrete roadmap, including the timing of elections, are crucial. Attempts to undermine the current peace are not helpful and very dangerous.”

In Afghanistan, Türkiye is “engaged with the Taliban to encourage them to adopt an inclusive administration and guarantee the rights of all, including women and children”, Cavusoglu said, announcing the recent opening of two more schools for girls. in Kabul.

Recalling that Turkey supports the OIC Humanitarian Trust Fund, Cavusoglu encouraged all OIC Member States to pay “their annual contributions for a more visible and effective OIC”.

READ MORE: Hate on Twitter: 86% of anti-Muslim content comes from the US, UK and India

Support Kashmiris, Turkish Cypriots, Uyghurs, Rohingyas

Expressing his support for Pakistan’s proposal to reinvigorate the OIC’s efforts for peace and security, Cavusoglu said that “the OIC contact group on mediation will be a useful platform to discuss future measures to take in this regard”.

“Türkiye believes in Islamic solidarity and supports the legitimate causes of all Muslims around the world.”

Cavusoglu cited the injustices Turkish Cypriots face via “isolation and embargoes” and expressed Ankara’s expectation of OIC members to stand with Turkish Cypriots.

“The Turkish Muslim minority in Greece is also deprived of their fundamental rights and freedoms. Their elected muftis are not recognized and they are not allowed to express their ethnic identity and enjoy autonomy in education”, a- he added.

“As the second largest international organization, the OIC is our collective voice against injustice against Muslims. I reaffirm our strong solidarity with Uighur Turks, Rohingya Muslims, our Kashmiri brothers and all other Muslim communities facing injustice across the world,” Cavusoglu said. said.

READ MORE:
Anti-Muslim racism institutionalized in Europe, report warns

Source: AA

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East vs. West: The Ukrainian War and the Curse of Political Geography https://therightroadtopeace.com/east-vs-west-the-ukrainian-war-and-the-curse-of-political-geography/ Thu, 18 Aug 2022 07:00:00 +0000 https://therightroadtopeace.com/east-vs-west-the-ukrainian-war-and-the-curse-of-political-geography/ The “West” is not only a term, but also a concept that acquires new meanings over time. For its proponents, it may be analogous to civilization and benevolent power; to its detractors, primarily in the “East” and “South”, it is associated with colonialism, disorderly violence and underserved wealth. However, the current seismic changes in world […]]]>

The “West” is not only a term, but also a concept that acquires new meanings over time. For its proponents, it may be analogous to civilization and benevolent power; to its detractors, primarily in the “East” and “South”, it is associated with colonialism, disorderly violence and underserved wealth.

However, the current seismic changes in world affairs – namely the Russo-Ukrainian war and the emerging conflict in the Taiwan Strait – compel us to re-examine the “West”, not only as a historical concept, but also as a than a current and future idea.

Whichever direction the West takes, there is no doubt that the East is finally rising, a momentous historical event that could reinforce a whole new political geography and likely alliances as well.

The ancient Greek historian and geographer Herodotus is often credited with coining the term “West” in the 5th century BC. The root causes of this currency might have been primarily geographical. However, in the 11th century, the division between West and East became decidedly geopolitical, when the center of power in the Catholic Church began to shift eastward, from Rome to Byzantium. While the Catholic Church represented the West, the Orthodox Church embodied the East.

Of course, historical realities are never that simple, as history and its interpretations are written by individuals, with their own religious, nationalist and regional biases. Those who lived in the “East” obviously had no choice in the matter, in the same way as those who live in the “Middle East” today, for example, were hardly consulted before Western colonial powers do not adapt the geography of the world to represent “regions of influence”. , and the proximity of these regions to the centers of Western empires – London, Paris, Madrid and so on.

In the ‘Global South’, the West is hardly geography, but an idea and, very often, a bad idea. For the South, the West is synonymous with economic exploitation, political interference and, at times, military intervention. Southern intelligentsia are often torn between the need for “Westernization” and their justified fear of “Westernization”. In countries like Nigeria, the “discussion” often turns violent. The name of the militant group Boko Haram translates to something like “Western education is prohibited”.

Of course, the West is much more encompassing than geography. Sometimes the connotation seems purely political. Australia and New Zealand, for example, are “Western countries”, even though they are located in the geographical region of Oceania.

The United States and NATO

In the past, Washington has even altered the very meaning of the West to suit its pure military interests. In January 2003, then US Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld used the term “old Europe” as opposed to “new Europe”, in reference to the newly incorporated NATO members from Eastern Europe. Is who conveniently supported his country’s invasion of Iraq and Afghanistan.

At times, the United States was ready to quash the very idea of ​​the West and draw entirely new geopolitical lines. When, in 2009, US President George W. Bush told Congress: “Either you are with us or you are with the terrorists”, he had, albeit temporarily, moved away from the West towards new uncharted geopolitical territories.

This designation did not last long, as the “war on terror” gave way to supposedly more imminent threats, China’s economic rise and Russia’s growing military power. For Washington, “the West” now simply means NATO, and nothing else.

US President Joe Biden’s eagerness was palpable on August 9 when he ratified the US government’s decision to approve Finland’s and Sweden’s NATO membership applications. “Our alliance is closer than ever. He’s more united than ever and…we’ll be stronger than ever,” Biden said. Ironically, only four years ago it was Washington that appeared to be waging a political war on NATO, with then US President Donald Trump warning US allies of ‘serious consequences’ if they did not increase not their spending, and threatening that the United States might “go our own way.”

Despite the emphasis on proximity, unity and strength by the United States, not all Western members of NATO participate in the American euphoria. Cracks of disunity between European countries – both Western and Eastern – continue to make daily headlines. And while US arms manufacturers and energy exporters are making outrageous profits as a direct result of the war in Ukraine, other Western economies are suffering.

Germany, for example, is heading into a recession as its economy is expected to contract by around 1% in 2023. In Italy, the energy crisis has worsened, with diesel and other fuel prices soaring, affecting sectors important to the Italian economy. Other countries, particularly in central and eastern Europe, such as Estonia and Lithuania, face a worse fate than their western and wealthier counterparts.

It is obvious that not all Western countries share the burden of war or its astronomical profits, a reality that could potentially completely redefine the geopolitics of the West. Yet no matter which direction the West takes, there is no doubt that the East is finally rising, a momentous historical event that could reinforce a whole new political geography, as well as likely alliances. It could also be an opportunity for the South to finally escape the West and its inflexible hegemony.

— Dr. Ramzy Baroud is a journalist, author and editor of The Palestine Chronicle. He is the author of six books. His latest book, co-edited with Ilan Pappé, is “Our Vision for Liberation: Committed Palestinian Leaders and Intellectuals Speak Out.” His other books include ‘My Dad Was a Freedom Fighter’ and ‘The Last Earth’. Baroud is a nonresident senior fellow at the Center for Islam and Global Affairs (CIGA). His website is www.ramzybaroud.net

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Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Market Segmented by Applications and Geographic Trends, Growth and Forecast 2027 https://therightroadtopeace.com/congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia-market-segmented-by-applications-and-geographic-trends-growth-and-forecast-2027/ Wed, 13 Jul 2022 14:08:00 +0000 https://therightroadtopeace.com/congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia-market-segmented-by-applications-and-geographic-trends-growth-and-forecast-2027/ TMR picture Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast 2019 – 2027 WILMINGTON, DELAWARE, USA, July 13, 2022 /EINPresswire.com/ — Transparency Market Research Inc.: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia refers to a group of genetic conditions that affect the adrenal glands, resulting in low levels of cortisol and high levels […]]]>

TMR picture

Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast 2019 – 2027

WILMINGTON, DELAWARE, USA, July 13, 2022 /EINPresswire.com/ — Transparency Market Research Inc.: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia refers to a group of genetic conditions that affect the adrenal glands, resulting in low levels of cortisol and high levels of male hormones called androgens, causing the development of masculine characteristics in women and precocious puberty. in both boys and girls. The mildest and most common form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is called nonclassical. The classic, more severe form can be detected through neonatal screening. Some forms of CAH can cause problems with normal growth and development in children and can even be life-threatening.

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The worldwide incidence of congenital adrenal hyperplasia in newborns is approximately 1 in 16,000 to 1 in 20,000 population. The incidence in the United States is approximately 1 in 16,000 to 1 in 18,000 population.

Key Drivers and Restraints of the Global Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Market

Government funding and support along with collaborative research with major pharmaceutical players is expected to drive the growth of the global market in the near future. In 2018, the international fund Raising for Congenital Surrenal Hyperplasia (IFCAH) launched an eighth call for projects, in association with ESPE.

Classic segment to dominate the global market

In terms of type, the classic segment accounted for major market share in 2018. The segment is expected to grow at a steady rate during the forecast period. It is likely to be driven by the increasing prevalence of classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia across the world. Classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia is the most common form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency, which is responsible for approximately 95% of cases.

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Classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia is of two types: simple virilization and salt loss. The salt-wasting form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia causes symptoms such as dehydration and hypotension in the first weeks of life and can be life-threatening. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia with salt loss accounts for 70% of classic cases of congenital adrenal hyperplasia.

Hospitals to lead the global congenital adrenal hyperplasia market

The hospital segment is expected to capture almost half of the market share in terms of revenue by 2027. It is expected to be the most lucrative segment in the global congenital adrenal hyperplasia market during the forecast period. Governments are extending their support and funding to increase the number of qualified surgeons. This in turn increases the number of hospitals offering surgeries and treatments for congenital adrenal hyperplasia. For example, the International Fund for Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (IFCAH) is a private fundraising organization that aims to promote academic research on congenital adrenal hyperplasia.

Demand for Analysis of the Impact of COVID-19 on the Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Market – https://www.transparencymarketresearch.com/sample/sample.php?flag=covid19&rep_id=75911

Well-established hospitals and healthcare infrastructure are expected to meet the increased demand for congenital adrenal hyperplasia treatment in North America during the forecast period. Developed countries are seen as hubs for safe and effective surgeries. This perception will create opportunities in the congenital adrenal hyperplasia market in North America, followed by Europe. However, developing countries could present significant investment and expansion opportunities for market players.

Asia-Pacific is expected to be a potential market for congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to its large patient pool and dense population. Growth in medical tourism, driven by government regulations favoring local players and relatively low surgery costs, is likely to contribute to the lucrative congenital adrenal hyperplasia market in the region.

However, the high cost continues to hamper the growth of the congenital adrenal hyperplasia market in both developed and developing countries. The financial lucidity of consumers has made them independent enough to spend out of pocket for their health. However, the cost of these surgeries and treatments is high even after insurance coverage, which prevents the market from realizing its full potential.

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Key players operating in the global congenital adrenal hyperplasia market

Pharmaceutical companies in the global congenital adrenal hyperplasia market are increasingly investing in the research and development of congenital adrenal hyperplasia drugs.

The global congenital adrenal hyperplasia market is moderately fragmented. Market players are focusing on strategic partnerships, collaborations, mergers, acquisitions, and product launches to increase their market share. The major companies operating in the global market are:

Emerging Health

Sentia Medical Sciences, Inc.
Neurocrine Biosciences, Inc.
Millendo Therapeutics, Inc.
Spruce Biosciences, Inc.
Thermo Fisher Scientific (Life Technologies Corporation)
Adrenas Therapeutics, Inc.
Alder Biopharmaceuticals, Inc.

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60% of global crises, conflicts occur in Turkey’s geography: FM https://therightroadtopeace.com/60-of-global-crises-conflicts-occur-in-turkeys-geography-fm/ Wed, 15 Jun 2022 07:00:00 +0000 https://therightroadtopeace.com/60-of-global-crises-conflicts-occur-in-turkeys-geography-fm/ Some 60% of crises and conflicts in the world take place in Turkish geography and directly concern the country, the Turkish Foreign Minister said on Tuesday. Speaking at the Business and Humanitarian Conference on Turkish Foreign Policy in the eastern province of Bingöl, Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu said that despite all these difficulties, Turkey has become a […]]]>

Some 60% of crises and conflicts in the world take place in Turkish geography and directly concern the country, the Turkish Foreign Minister said on Tuesday.

Speaking at the Business and Humanitarian Conference on Turkish Foreign Policy in the eastern province of Bingöl, Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu said that despite all these difficulties, Turkey has become a country that has increased its regional power.

“Therefore, our burden is heavy. It has to be overcome,” he said.

Turkey, he said, treats all countries equally without discrimination, adding that they work for justice and to solve problems.

“Turkey has become a center of gravity country on the world map. Many important decisions are now taking shape here,” he added.

The world is changing rapidly and every country is being tested with its will, resilience and elements of power in the face of these developments, Çavuşoğlu said.

“Here the pandemic (COVID-19) is over and the war in Ukraine has started. There are severe food and energy crises. These crises have started to worsen. The global economic recession has unfortunately started to take its toll everywhere,” he said. said, adding that the crises are felt not only in their regions but also in distant countries.

“For example, the Ukrainian crisis is causing hunger in Africa, a migration crisis in Europe and a production crisis in Latin America,” Çavuşoğlu explained.

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Ukraine: Map of Russian control as of May 19, 2022 (Subscription) https://therightroadtopeace.com/ukraine-map-of-russian-control-as-of-may-19-2022-subscription/ Fri, 20 May 2022 07:00:00 +0000 https://therightroadtopeace.com/ukraine-map-of-russian-control-as-of-may-19-2022-subscription/ SUBSCRIBERS CLICK HERE TO PROCEED TO ITEM AND MAP (To see other maps from this conflict, see all Ukraine articles on PolGeoNow.) Search for Djordje Djukic. Map by Evan Centanni and Djordje Djukic Russian-led forces have nearly surrounded the last Ukrainian-held town of Luhansk after capturing two long-contested neighboring towns, and have all but completed […]]]>
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Search for Djordje Djukic. Map by Evan Centanni and Djordje Djukic

Russian-led forces have nearly surrounded the last Ukrainian-held town of Luhansk after capturing two long-contested neighboring towns, and have all but completed their control of Mariupol. On the other hand, Ukrainian forces ended the siege of the northern city of Kharkiv, pushing Russian forces back towards the border.

Find out all this and more on the latest update to PolGeoNow’s concise and professional Ukraine War Control Map, which includes a timeline of changes since our previous Ukraine map report from May 4, with cited sources.

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  • The claimed borders of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People’s Republic and the Russian-backed Lugansk People’s Republic in the eastern Donbass region.
  • Detailed indication of city-by-city control, including key cities and other important locations for current events
  • Locations of recent control changes and other significant events including Popasna, Rubizhne, Bilohorivka, Staryi Saltiv, Azovstal Steel Plant in Mariupol, etc.
  • Detailed timeline of significant events and territorial control changes since May 4, 2022, with links to sources.


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History of the Jews of Yemen https://therightroadtopeace.com/history-of-the-jews-of-yemen/ Tue, 10 May 2022 07:00:00 +0000 https://therightroadtopeace.com/history-of-the-jews-of-yemen/ An ancient Jewish community that survived all odds and came home. A Jew stays in Yemen Only one Jewish person remains in Yemen, down from seven in February, according to a new United Nations report report on the treatment of religious minorities in conflict zones. (Gaby Deutsch, Jewish Insider March 14, 2022) At the start […]]]>

An ancient Jewish community that survived all odds and came home.

A Jew stays in Yemen

Only one Jewish person remains in Yemen, down from seven in February, according to a new United Nations report report on the treatment of religious minorities in conflict zones. (Gaby Deutsch, Jewish Insider March 14, 2022) At the start of the 20th century, Jews in Yemen numbered more than 50,000; today he remains a Jew. There are said to be a handful of “hidden Jews” in Yemen who have converted to Islam but secretly practice Judaism.

unique tradition

Yemeni Jews have a unique religious tradition that separates them from Ashkenazim, Sephardim and other Jewish groups. The roots of the Jews in Yemen—Teiman in Hebrew – dates back to biblical times. Yemen is mentioned in Jewish scriptures in various places. It is noted as the place of origin of Job’s friend, Eliphaz. Moreover, the famous queen of Sheba, mentioned in the Book of Kings where she visits King Solomon, is said to have heard of King Solomon from Jews in Yemen, which was located near the kingdom of Sheba.

Al Ajar, Haidan, 1984, Photo: Myriam Tangi

Although the province is not mentioned in the Mishna or the Talmud, there is a supposed reference in the book of Josephus, “The Jewish War”. Josephus states that he had informed “the farthest Arabs” of the destruction, and the assumption is that he is referring to the Jews of Yemen.

How did they get there?

The immigration of the majority of Jews to Yemen seems to have taken place at the beginning of the 2nd century. In the ancient Jewish cemetery of Beth Shearim, there is an inscription in one of the rooms, describing those buried there as “the people of Himyar” (the Yemeni kingdom). The assumption is that their bodies were sent from Yemen to be buried in Israel, not that they died while visiting Israel, just as many people today ask to be buried in the Land of Israel. .

There are fascinating legends about the founding of the Jewish community in Yemen.

A local Yemenite Jewish tradition says that Jews came to the Arabian Peninsula during the time of King Solomon. Some say it was because King Solomon sent Jewish merchants to Yemen to look for gold and silver to use for the Temple in Jerusalem. Others say that Jewish craftsmen were sent to the region at the request of the Queen of Sheba, during the same period.

Al Ajar, Haidan, 1984, Photo: Myriam Tangi

Another tradition, that of the Jews of Saana, states that their ancestors settled in Yemen 42 years before the destruction of the First Temple. It is also said that during the time of the prophet Jeremiah, about 75,000 Jews, including Cohanim and Levites, went to Yemen.

The tradition of the Jews of Habban (southern Yemen) is that they are descendants of the tribe of Judah who belonged to a brigade sent by Herod the Great to help the Roman legions fighting in the region. The tradition is that they arrived in the area before the destruction of the Second Temple and did not return to the Land of Israel.

The King of Himyar and the attempt to convert his kingdom

The Jews who lived in the Arabian Peninsula before the Roman period were mainly concentrated in two regions – Yemen and Hejaz (now northwestern Saudi Arabia).

There is a fascinating story regarding the King of Himyar and the Jews. Apparently, King Abu-Kariba Assad laid siege to Yathrib (present-day Medina) to avenge the death of his son who was killed by the townspeople. During the siege, the king fell seriously ill and two medically proficient Jews from Yathrib, Kaab and Assad entered the enemy camp and saved his life. After hearing the king, they begged him to lift the siege and make peace with the city.

Al Ajar, Haidan, 1983. Photo: Myriam Tangi

Not only did the king end the war, but he was also so impressed with the Jews that he embraced Judaism, along with his entire army. Returning home, he brought with him two Jews to educate the population and insisted that all his people convert to Judaism. Conversions, however, were not total, and there remained as many pagans as Jews in the country. There is also some debate as to whether he converted out of genuine conviction or political expediency. It is clear however that Judaism flourished in Himyar at this time, and many inscriptions with Jewish terms (“God of Israel”) are found dating from the 6th and 7th centuries.

Rise of Islam in Yemen and Persecution of Yemeni Jews

The size of Yemen’s Jewish population for the first five centuries CE remained stable at around 3,000. The Jews were scattered throughout the country but traded extensively with other places, and thus the Jews possessed many Jewish texts and knew their heritage, although there were few scholars at that time.

In 628 CE, some non-Jewish Yemeni rulers and tribes converted to Islam. Soon after, Mohammed sent his cousin Ali to Sanaa to create a strong central Islamic authority in Yemen.

During this period of Muslim rule, Jews were referred to as Ahl al-Kitab, protected People of the Book. They were granted freedom of religion on the condition that they pay Jizya, a poll tax. Active Muslim persecution of the Jews began in full force under the Shia-Zaydi clan (the sect currently followed by the Houthi anti-Semitic fanatics in Yemen), when they seized power from the more tolerant Sunni Muslims in the early 10th century.

Under Zaydi’s rule, which lasted nearly 1,000 years, Jews were treated as second-class citizens and oppressed by rulers and the populace. They were considered impure and could not touch a Muslim’s food, had to walk on the left side of a Muslim, could not build houses higher than a Muslim’s or ride a camel or horse, and when they rode on a mule or a donkey, they had to sit sideways. Upon entering the Muslim quarter, a Jew had to take off his shoes and walk barefoot. If attacked with stones or fists by young Muslims, a Jew was not allowed to defend himself.

Al Ajar, Haidan, 1983. Photo: Myriam Tangi

The Orphans Decree was a law that if a father died, his children were to be taken away by the state and forcibly converted to Islam. Although this law was largely ignored during the Ottoman rule, during the period of Imam Yahya (1918-1948) in 1922 the cruel law was strictly enforced. Orphaned Jews were removed from the community and neither demands nor bribes were accepted to free them. The community and the parents of the orphans sought ways to save the children from this tragedy and were sometimes able to prevent the forced conversion by quickly marrying off the children, since a married person was considered an adult and could not be taken by the state. Sometimes the children might have been moved to a big city and hidden with a Jewish family and other times they were taken out of the country.

Yemenite Jews and the Rambam

At the end of the 12th century, a false prophet appeared in Yemen and proclaimed that Judaism and Islam were one. He used quotes from the Torah to prove his claim, and since the majority of the people were not so educated, he was very influential. Yemen’s greatest Torah scholar, Yaakov bin Natanel al-Fayyumi, wrote to the Rambam (Maimonides) in 1172 asking for his answer. The Rambam responded with the famous future Iggeret Teiman, Letter to Yemen, expanding on the response and clarifying the foundations of Jewish belief. This letter made such an impression on the Jews of Yemen that they included Rambam’s name in the Ḳaddish prayer, praying that he would live long and have his name blessed.

Following his letter to Yemen, the rabbis of Yemen sent letters to the Rambam, and he taught through the letters he sent. He also sent them a copy of his Mishneh Torah, the codified Jewish law, and this magnum opus was meticulously copied in Yemen. In the Geniza in Cairo, many letters from the 12th century and beyond have been found, demonstrating the close connection between the Cairo community and the rabbis of Yemen that began with the Rambam.

Stock exchange and rabbis

Despite their geographic isolation, Yemeni Jews maintained contact with important Jewish centers, including Egypt and Babylonia. Throughout their history, they have had great scholars.

In the 14th century, Rabbi Nathanael ben Isaiah wrote an Arabic commentary on the Bible. In the second half of the 15th century, Rabbi Saadia ben David al-Adani wrote a commentary on the Bible and Rabbi Abraham ben Solomon wrote about the Prophets.

Study in the mufredj while the father does tzitzit, Beit Sinan, Arhab, 1986. Photo: Myriam Tangi

Rabbi Shlomo Adani (b. 1567) was also from Yemen and is considered one of the greatest commentators on the Mishnah. He was born in Sana’a, Yemen, to Rabbi Yeshua Adani, one of the city’s leading rabbis. The family immigrated to the land of Israel in 1571, where he completed his book titled Melechet Shlomo in 1624. His work is considered a classic and is partially printed in most editions of the Mishnah with commentaries. There are also streets in Jerusalem, Beersheba and other Israeli cities named after Rabbi Shlomo Adani.

Rabbi Shalom Sharabi, born in Yemen in 1720, is considered the father of all contemporary Sephardic kabbalists. After being miraculously saved from a difficult situation, he fulfilled his vow to go to the Holy Land of Israel and live in Jerusalem.

Jews from Yemen emigrate to Israel

When travel became easier with the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869, Jews began to migrate from Yemen to what was then Palestine. Many of the Jews who moved around this time, about 10% of the population, settled in Jerusalem, Jaffa or in agricultural settlements.

In 1922, when the government of Yemen began to harshly enforce the Orphan Decree, as discussed in this article, even more Jews sought to immigrate.

Following the 1947 partition vote in which the UN voted to divide then-Palestine and give the Jews a land, Arab Muslims in Yemen, aided by local police, began rioting and killings , killing 82 Jews in Aden and destroying hundreds of Jews. houses. This crippled the Jewish community financially and frightened Jews about their future in Yemen.

This increasingly perilous situation led to the emigration of almost the entire Yemeni Jewish community between June 1949 and September 1950 during Operation Magic Carpet. During this period, more than 50,000 Jews emigrated to Israel.

More minor, continuous migration was allowed to continue until 1962, when a civil war brought any further Jewish exodus to a screeching halt.

Today, the overwhelming majority of the world’s half-million Jews of Yemeni descent live in Israel. They are the legacy of 2,000 years of Yemeni Judaism.

With our thanks to photographer Myriam Tangi for allowing the use of her photos (www.myriamtangi.com). Click here to read his article on Yemeni Jews.

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Doing Ukraine and how empires invent geography https://therightroadtopeace.com/doing-ukraine-and-how-empires-invent-geography/ Mon, 09 May 2022 07:00:00 +0000 https://therightroadtopeace.com/doing-ukraine-and-how-empires-invent-geography/ More than usual, I currently live in two different worlds, and travel between them, sometimes uncomfortably. Right now, like many people, I live day to day following the news from Ukraine, the greatest moral and political conflict of our time. At the same time, I am writing my current book project, which concerns the iconoclastic […]]]>

More than usual, I currently live in two different worlds, and travel between them, sometimes uncomfortably. Right now, like many people, I live day to day following the news from Ukraine, the greatest moral and political conflict of our time. At the same time, I am writing my current book project, which concerns the iconoclastic controversy in the Roman/Byzantine Empire in the 7th and 8th centuries. The two worlds, medieval and modern, constantly collide in strange ways, especially in terms of geography. The resulting conflict provides an often strange context for these current issues.

For many centuries, this Black Sea world, which today is the battleground of southern Ukraine, was part of the Greek world and then the Byzantine Empire. It is thus the setting for many deeply evocative names which, today, are suddenly making headlines again. The history of the region is written in these names. But the paths joining the two eras are winding. Taken together, the story is a lesson in the invention of tradition and the creation of contrived or fallacious history – of imperial the story.

A current setting of Russian aggression and brutal atrocities is the city of Kherson, which they seek to annex and destroy any Ukrainian identity. The name is deeply evocative, reminiscent of the ancient Chersonese, from the Greek word meaning “peninsular shore”. Formerly, the tauric Chersonnais referred to what we call the Crimean Peninsula. A now-ruined Greek city of Chersonesus was an important center in Byzantine times, primarily as a place of discharge for political exiles, and now lies near modern-day Sevastopol in Russian-occupied territory. While working and watching the news, I flicker uncomfortably between the two eras, of 722 and 2022. But despite the name, Kherson itself is a relatively modern name – well, 1778 – and the city is not not at all an authentic old colony. It is actually named after the city of Chersonesus which is quite far away. What is happening here?

Other ancient and Greek-sounding names are proliferating in southern Ukraine, and many of them feature regularly in our news. Such are especially the various -pols, such as Sevastopol, Mariupol and Melitopol, which recall the Greek -polis, town. In fact, these do not mark a direct Byzantine tradition, but rather a much later attempt at revival, or rather at imperial creation.

The story centers around the end of the 18th century, when the Russian Empire was expanding south into the territories occupied by the Ottoman Turks. Empress Catherine the Great (of German descent) had ambitious plans to carve out an even bigger empire around the entire Black Sea, sharing the entire Ottoman kingdom with the Habsburgs. It was his Greek plan or his Greek project. It came to nothing, but the Russians created a whole new kingdom on the northern shores of the Black Sea, and in doing so they created a new imperial world that in some ways wasn’t too different from contemporary American expansion into the south and west. (For Ottomans, substitute 19th century Mexicans).

In the Russian context, this meant creating many cities, ports and trading centers, with names that were very deliberately intended to look and sound ancient and Byzantine, although there was in fact little or no basis for these claims. . These new places were given Greek or Greek-derived names, usually with a -polis. There was a royal or Augustan city (Greek, “Sevastopol”, 1783-84). Actual modern Greek settlers were brought to a new town named for the Virgin Mary, Mariupol, founded in 1779. Technically it was named after a Russian Empress, but the name Maria has come to imply the Virgin. There was a City of Victory, Nikopol. Further east there was a City of the Cross, Stavropol. Another completely new settlement was “the city of utility”, which in Greek became Simferopol, 1784.

In 1795 the Russians created a new city named after an ancient Greek colony that was supposedly nearby, Odessos, and they called it Odessa (the real Odessos was some distance away, in what we would call Bulgaria). In the 19th century, Odessa became a boom town and a center of modernization improvement – ​​very American, in fact, and often compared to San Francisco. Mariupol became a critical center of industrialization within the Empire.

I love this excerpt from Wikipedia, suggesting the very cosmopolitan quality of the era:

Sevastopol was founded in June 1783 as a base for a naval squadron under the name Akhtiar (White Cliff), by Rear Admiral Thomas MacKenzie (Foma Fomich Makenzi), a native Scot in the service of Russia; shortly after Russia annexed the Crimean Khanate.

I wonder if one of Admiral Mackenzie’s Scottish relatives was pushing west into Tennessee or Alabama at the same time?

Again, think of all the American colonies at this time named for classical origins, but with one central difference. No sane person ever believed that Ithaca in New York State (founded in 1790) was a genuine ancient Greek colony. Nor did anyone really believe that Cincinnati (also named in 1790) was the real seat of the honest-to-Mars Roman settlers. But it was entirely possible to believe that a Sevastopol or an Odessa, for example, could have origins dating back millennia, even if they actually had no such thing. It was sort of a fictional landscape.

Do with it what you will, but Catherine’s key minister through it all was Prince Grigory Potemkin, who became legendary for erecting deceptively utopian villages for the empress to witness, the so-called Potemkin villages , all of which were exhibited and without substance. Thus, at its origins, was the name of the landscape of what became southern Ukraine. Can we speak of a theatrical landscape?

Of course, there’s a lot more going on here than just making the Empress happy. The appeal to Greek and Byzantine roots was deeply ideological and deeply rooted in Russian and Tsarist ideologies. In 1510, a Russian monk declared that “two Romes have fallen. A third stands [ie Moscow]. A fourth will never be. The rulers of Muscovy took the title of Caesar, or Tsar.

During the 18th and 19th centuries, Russian ambitions for the Ottoman kingdom were generally framed in terms of restoring the Byzantine Empire and its Christianity, after the lamentable interruption of Muslim power since 1453. As the third Rome, Moscow was the heiress of the hopes that surrounded the glorious Byzantine name, including the dreams and visions presented in texts such as the Apocalypse of Daniel. In this apocryphal tradition, a future Constantine would liberate the Orthodox Christian world from the Sons of Hagar, increasingly identified as the Muslim Ottomans. At the height of the Turkish Wars in the 1770s, Catherine the Great baptized one of her grandsons Constantine.

As all knowledgeable European observers recognized, it was only a matter of time before Orthodox and Byzantine normalcy would soon be restored, under a Tsarist kingdom that would stretch deep into the Levant. These southern ambitions were at the heart of European political history until the time of the First World War. And that’s the larger context for all the Greek-sounding names around the Black Sea, all the -pols.

The Russians have spent a lot of time trying to impose artificial identities on Ukraine.

This is a classic case study of how empires replicate other past empires and in doing so they create geography. Maybe that’s what Vladimir Putin is trying to do today, emulating empire builder Catherine. That he fails miserably.


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Geography Quiz Creator Discovers Many World Borders Are In Different Places For Different People | Content for children https://therightroadtopeace.com/geography-quiz-creator-discovers-many-world-borders-are-in-different-places-for-different-people-content-for-children/ Thu, 21 Apr 2022 17:22:19 +0000 https://therightroadtopeace.com/geography-quiz-creator-discovers-many-world-borders-are-in-different-places-for-different-people-content-for-children/ The geography quiz game Globle was a product of quarantine boredom, its popularity a happy side effect. While working from home during the COVID-19 pandemic, 26-year-old Abe Train from Toronto decided to study web development, quit his corporate job and try something new. Inspired after the simple online word game Wordle gained popularity in January, […]]]>

The geography quiz game Globle was a product of quarantine boredom, its popularity a happy side effect.

While working from home during the COVID-19 pandemic, 26-year-old Abe Train from Toronto decided to study web development, quit his corporate job and try something new. Inspired after the simple online word game Wordle gained popularity in January, Train created an impersonator just to practice his skills.

The rules of Globle are simple: “Every day there is a new Mystery Country. Your objective is to discover the mystery land using the fewest guesses. Each incorrect guess will appear on the globe with a color indicating its proximity to the Mystery Land.

If the mystery country is Germany and you guess China, China appears in pale beige on the globe, indicating that the correct answer is far away. A guess from France – getting closer! — appears in dark red. Winning requires a pretty decent knowledge of the names of the world’s nearly 200 countries, an idea of ​​where they are and, just as important, who their neighbors are.

As in life, learning from the wrong answers is a key part of finding the right ones, and to Train’s surprise, many people have decided that his homemade practice project is an easy way to brush up on their geography. After gaining traction on Reddit and then Twitter, Globle now averages between 1.3 million and 1.4 million players per day, according to Train, who declined to place ads on the game. come from teachers,” Train said. “Once in a while, I get something like, ‘Thank you from seventh-grade geography class to such-and-such, Virginia.'”

But in the process of creating the game to practice his web skills, Train learned something else he didn’t expect: many national borders are in different places for different people, and creating a single world map for a universal web audience. is so politically charged that some tech giants have long since given up trying.

“Anyone trying to make a map on a global scale runs into this problem,” said Sterling Quinn, an associate professor of geography at Central Washington University who studies digital maps and society. Since the days of paper maps and desktop globes, countries and cartographers have disagreed over sovereignty and the location of borders. Digital maps just made these arguments more, well, global.

Originally, Microsoft’s Windows 95 was banned in India because the operating system’s world map depicted the Kashmir region as contested rather than belonging to India. In 2009, Google defined its own logic for navigating disputes on Google Maps, writing in a blog post: “In all cases, we strive to represent ‘ground truth’ as ​​accurately and neutrally as possible.” In some cases, this involved pluralizing the map viewing experience by “providing multiple claim lines (e.g. Syrian and Israeli lines on the Golan Heights), multiple names (e.g. two names separated by a slash: “Londonderry/Derry”), or clickable links policy annotations with brief descriptions of the issues.

But Google has also created more than 30 different “localized” maps to reflect the preferences – and laws – of local nations. Different users, different cards. Different maps, different realities. Google Maps caused an uproar in India in 2010 by describing place names in the Tibet-bordering state of Arunachal Pradesh as Chinese, because Chinese users might want to see the disputed area. It was a technical error but rooted in the very real differences between nations.

“There was an interesting period where you would see these companies, at least Google and Microsoft, posting a few statements on their blogs about how they were resolving border disputes,” Quinn said. “Perhaps there was a certain desire that there was a one size fits all to choose which is the most appropriate border, perhaps based on international courts of justice. … But in the end it was more commercially viable to personalize the cards or make them ambiguous.

Globle, being so new and being the product of a guy who decided to do a geography quiz, relives some of those same challenges, except in game form. Like any good game developer, Train felt the pressure fans to get Globle right and, like its predecessors, to continue iterating its project into better releases.

Border bugs, if you could call them that, came early. For example, the open-source dataset that Train borrowed from the Github hosting service to create its game’s globe came with country data. It was only after the launch that he noticed that the data showed that the disputed Crimean peninsula in Ukraine belonged to its current occupier, Russia. (“I spoke to my brother who has spent time in Russia and knows the area well, and he was like, ‘Yeah, you should probably change it,'” Train said.) Other countries , like Singapore, were not even included. .

Train dumped the dataset for a more reputable set in the public domain, called Natural Earth, but user complaints kept piling up.

Train decided he needed a rational framework for settling geopolitical disputes, so he turned to the guide created by quiz site Sporcle to streamline his quiz on the countries of the world. (Train also credits Sporcle as an inspiration for Globle.)

The Sporcle guide itself, while trying to establish consistent rules, sets out a series of trade-offs between measures: “Universal recognition is NOT a valid litmus test: we cannot wait for unanimity,” says the Sporcle Guide. “If we did, South Korea, North Korea, Israel, Cyprus, Armenia and the People’s Republic of China would all be excluded from the quiz.”

The guide also decided that membership of the UN was too restrictive, because until 2002 it would have excluded Switzerland, deemed neutral. Thus, the Sporcle standard recognizes UN member states as well as Vatican City, Kosovo, Taiwan, and Palestine as countries.

When players realize that Globle recognizes a country they don’t want recognized or doesn’t represent a border accurately, they sometimes complain to Train, who is anxious about the responsibility of assessing their concerns and playing arbiter. “I’m just changing a few international borders, that’s okay,” Train said nervously.

As a developer, technical issues can be fun to solve. But when it comes to which government has sovereignty over a disputed territory, “geopolitical issues can’t really be resolved. Everything is a compromise, and you try to find the best compromise,” Train said. “It’s certainly more difficult in the areas that matter most.”

As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases.

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Why Globle’s Online Geography Game Was a Hard Puzzle to Create https://therightroadtopeace.com/why-globles-online-geography-game-was-a-hard-puzzle-to-create/ Thu, 14 Apr 2022 16:43:31 +0000 https://therightroadtopeace.com/why-globles-online-geography-game-was-a-hard-puzzle-to-create/ The geography quiz World was a product of midlife boredom, its popularity a happy side effect. While working from home during the COVID-19 pandemic, 26-year-old Abe Train from Toronto decided to study web development, quit his corporate job and try something new. Inspired after the simple online word game Wordle gained popularity in January, Train […]]]>

The geography quiz World was a product of midlife boredom, its popularity a happy side effect.

While working from home during the COVID-19 pandemic, 26-year-old Abe Train from Toronto decided to study web development, quit his corporate job and try something new. Inspired after the simple online word game Wordle gained popularity in January, Train created an impersonator just to practice his skills.

The rules of Globle are simple: “Every day there is a new Mystery Country. Your objective is to discover the mystery land using the fewest guesses. Each incorrect guess will appear on the globe with a color indicating its proximity to the Mystery Land. If the mystery country is Germany and you guess China, China appears in pale beige on the globe, indicating that the correct answer is far away. A guess from France – getting closer! — appears in dark red. Winning requires a pretty decent knowledge of the names of the world’s nearly 200 countries, an idea of ​​where they are and, just as important, who their neighbors are.

As in life, learning from the wrong answers is a key part of finding the right ones, and to Train’s surprise, many people have decided that his homemade practice project is an easy way to brush up on their geography. After gaining traction on Reddit and then Twitter, Globle now averages between 1.3 million and 1.4 million players per day, according to Train, who declined to place ads on the game. come from teachers,” Train said. “Once in a while, I get something like, ‘Thank you from seventh-grade geography class to such-and-such, Virginia.'”

But in the process of creating the game to practice his web skills, Train learned something else he didn’t expect: many national borders are in different places for different people, and creating a single world map for a universal web audience. is so politically charged that some tech giants have long since given up trying.

“Anyone trying to make a map on a global scale runs into this problem,” said Sterling Quinn, an associate professor of geography at Central Washington University who studies digital maps and society. Since the days of paper maps and desktop globes, countries and cartographers have disagreed over sovereignty and the location of borders. Digital maps just made these arguments more, well, global.

Microsoft’s Windows 95 was originally banned in india because the OS’s world map depicted the Kashmir region as disputed rather than as belonging to India. In 2009, Google establishes its own logic to navigate disputes on Google Maps, writing in a blog post: “In all cases, we strive to represent ‘ground truth’ as ​​accurately and neutrally as possible.” In some cases, this involved pluralizing the map viewing experience by “providing multiple claim lines (e.g. Syrian and Israeli lines on the Golan Heights), multiple names (e.g. two names separated by a slash: “Londonderry / Derry”), or clickable links policy annotations with brief descriptions of the issues.

But Google has also created more than 30 different “localized” maps to reflect the preferences – and laws – of local nations. Different users, different cards. Different maps, different realities. Google Maps is all the rage in India in 2010 by describing place names in the Tibet-bordering state of Arunachal Pradesh in Chinese, as Chinese users might wish to see the disputed area. It was a technical error but one rooted in the very real differences between nations.

“There was an interesting period where you would see these companies, at least Google and Microsoft, posting a few statements on their blogs about how they were resolving border disputes,” Quinn said. “Perhaps there was some desire that there was a one size fits all to choose which is the most appropriate border, perhaps based on international courts of justice. … But in the end it was more commercially viable to personalize the cards or make them ambiguous.

Globle, being so new and being the product of a guy who decided to do a geography quiz, relives some of those same challenges, except in game form. Like any good game developer, Train felt the pressure fans to get Globle right and, like its predecessors, to continue to iterate on its project in better, more accessible versions.

Border bugs, if you could call them that, came early. For example, the open-source dataset that Train borrowed from the Github hosting service to create its game’s globe came with country data. It was only after the launch that he noticed that the data showed that the disputed Crimean peninsula in Ukraine belonged to its current occupier, Russia. (“I spoke to my brother who has spent time in Russia and knows the area well, and he was like, ‘Yeah, you should probably change it,'” Train said.) Other countries , like Singapore, were not even included. .

Train dumped the dataset for a more reputable set in the public domain, called natural earth, but user complaints kept piling up. Games change log on GitHub reads like the diary of someone advancing their technical skills between votes at the United Nations.

Edition 1.1.0. Feb 4: “Fixed centering logic for automatic viewpoint switching for some countries, including Fiji.” “Reduced aggressive auto-zoom when clicking on a country.” “Get Crimea from Russia to Ukraine. Combined from Greenland to Denmark.

Version 1.2.0, Feb 13: “Removed the zoom limit when recentering. Fixed a bug that disrupted the order of guesses when refreshing. “Added ‘territories’ to the game, which appear in a neutral color when their sovereign country is guessed Restructured Greenland, French Guiana and Puerto Rico into territories.

Version 1.4.0, March 21: “Changed sharing message to remove URL and include emojis and hashtag. Created new territories for Kaliningrad, Canary Islands, Western Sahara, Martinique and New Caledonia. Adjusted Cyprus borders to include Northern Cyprus.

Train decided he needed a rational framework to adjudicate geopolitical disputes, so he turned to the guide created by the quiz site Sporcle to rationalize its Country of the World Quiz. (Train also credits Sporcle as an inspiration for Globle.)

The Sporcle guide itself, while trying to establish consistent rules, sets out a series of trade-offs between measures: “Universal recognition is NOT a valid litmus test: we cannot wait for unanimity,” says the Sporcle Guide. “If we did, South Korea, North Korea, Israel, Cyprus, Armenia and the People’s Republic of China would all be excluded from the quiz.”

The guide also decided that membership of the UN was too restrictive, because until 2002 it would have excluded Switzerland, deemed neutral. Thus, the Sporcle standard recognizes UN member states as well as Vatican City, Kosovo, Taiwan and Palestine as countries, based on some degree of international recognition or clear autonomy.

When players realize that Globle recognizes a country they don’t want recognized or doesn’t represent a border accurately, they sometimes complain to Train, who is anxious about the responsibility of assessing their concerns and playing arbiter. “I’m just changing a few international borders, that’s okay,” Train said nervously.

As a developer, technical issues can be fun to solve. When it comes to creating a digital dash or figuring out how to calculate the distance between polygonal boundaries of a sphere, “I can quickly tell there’s a good answer here,” Train said. “As soon as I know something can be solved, it’s just a matter of work.”

But when it comes to which government has sovereignty over a disputed territory, “geopolitical issues can’t really be resolved. Everything is a compromise, and you try to find the best compromise,” Train said. “It’s certainly more difficult in the areas that matter most.”

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Why Israel cannot defeat the Palestinians – Middle East Monitor https://therightroadtopeace.com/why-israel-cannot-defeat-the-palestinians-middle-east-monitor/ Tue, 12 Apr 2022 07:55:00 +0000 https://therightroadtopeace.com/why-israel-cannot-defeat-the-palestinians-middle-east-monitor/ There is a reason Israel insists on linking the series of recent attacks by Palestinians to one specific location, namely the Jenin refugee camp in the northern West Bank. In doing so, the beleaguered government of Naftali Bennett can simply order another deadly military operation in Jenin to reassure its citizens that the situation is […]]]>

There is a reason Israel insists on linking the series of recent attacks by Palestinians to one specific location, namely the Jenin refugee camp in the northern West Bank. In doing so, the beleaguered government of Naftali Bennett can simply order another deadly military operation in Jenin to reassure its citizens that the situation is under control.

Indeed, on April 9, the Israeli army had stormed Jenin refugee camp, killing one Palestinian and injuring ten others. However, Israel’s problem is much bigger than Jenin.

If we look at events from the March 22 stabbing offensive in the southern city of Beersheba (Bir Al Saba’) – which resulted in the deaths of four people – and ending with the murder of three Israelis in Tel Aviv – including two army officers – we will come to an obvious conclusion: these attacks must have been, to some extent, coordinated.

Spontaneous Palestinian retaliation for the violence of the Israeli occupation rarely follows this pattern in terms of timing or style. All attacks except Beersheba were carried out using firearms. The shooters, as amateur videos of some of the events and statements from Israeli eyewitnesses indicate, were well trained and acted with great composure.

One example was the Hadera event on March 27, organized by two cousins, Ayman and Ibrahim Ighbariah, from the Arab town of Umm Al-Fahm, inside Israel. The Israeli media reported on the indisputable skills of the assailants, armed with weapons which, according to the Israel News Agency, Tazpit press office, Cost over $30,000.

READ: Who is responsible for the ongoing attacks in Israel?

Unlike the Palestinian attacks carried out during the Second Palestinian Intifada (2000-05) in response to Israeli violence in the occupied territories, the latest attacks are generally more targeted, targeting police and military personnel and clearly aimed at undermining Israel’s false sense of security and undermining intelligence services from the country. During the March 29 attack on Bnei Brak, for example, an Israeli woman who was there Told to reporters that “the activist asked us to move away from the place as he did not want to target women or children”.

While Israeli intelligence reports have recently warned of a “wave of terrorism” before the holy month of Ramadan, they clearly had no idea what kind of violence, or where and how the Palestinians would strike.

Following the Beersheba attack, Israeli officials invoked Daesh responsibility, a convenient assertion given that Daesh had also claimed responsibility. This theory was quickly sidelined, as it became apparent that the other Palestinian attackers had other political affiliations or, as in the Bnei Brak case, no known affiliation at all.

The confusion and misinformation continued for days. Shortly after the Tel Aviv bombing, Israeli media, citing official sources, reported on two assailants, alleging that one of them was trapped in a nearby building. This was wrong as there was only one attacker and he was killed, albeit hours later in another town.

A number of Palestinian workers were quickly arrested in Tel Aviv on suspicion of being the attackers simply because they looked Arab, evidence of Israel’s chaotic approach. Indeed, following each event, the total mayhem ensued, with large crowds of armed Israelis taking to the streets looking for anyone with Arab features to apprehend or beat for no reason.

Israeli officials have contributed to the frenzy, with far-right politicians, such as extremist Itamar Ben Gvir, first hordes of other extremists are rampaging through occupied Jerusalem.

Palestinians attend the funeral ceremony for Palestinian Ahmed Nasser Al-Saidi, who was killed in a raid by Israeli forces, at the Jenin refugee camp in Jenin, West Bank, April 9, 2022. [Issam Rimawi – Anadolu Agency]

Instead of calling for calm and showing confidence, the country’s own prime minister on March 30 called on ordinary Israelis to arm themselves. “Whoever has a firearms license, now is the time to carry it,” he said. mentioned in a video statement. However, if Israel’s solution to any form of Palestinian resistance were more weapons, the Palestinians would have been pacified long ago.

To appease angry Israelis, the Israeli army attacked the city and the refugee camp of Jenin on numerous occasions, each time leaving several Palestinians dead and injured, including many civilians. Among them, the child Imad Hashash, 15, killed on August 24 when he filming the invasion on his cell phone. The same scenario repeated itself on April 9.

However, it was an exercise in futility, as it was Israeli violence in Jenin over the years that led to the armed resistance that continues to emanate from the camp. Palestinians, whether in Jenin or elsewhere, are fighting back because they are deprived of basic human rights, lack a political horizon, live in extreme poverty, lack real leadership and feel abandoned by the so-called international community.

The Palestinian Authority of Mahmoud Abbas seems totally removed from the masses. Abbas’ statements reflect his detachment from the reality of Israeli violence, military occupation and apartheid throughout Palestine. True to form, Abbas quickly sentenced the Tel Aviv attack, as it did the previous ones, each time making the same reference to the need to maintain “stability” and prevent “a further deterioration of the situation”, according to the official Wafa Press Agency.

What stability is Abbas referring to, when Palestinian suffering has been compounded by increasing settler violence, illegal settlement expansion, land theft and, thanks to recent international events, food insecurity as well?

READ: Why does the world believe that killing Palestinians is necessary for Israel’s security?

Israeli officials and media, once again, conveniently place the blame largely on Jenin, a small part of a crowded area. By doing so, Israel wants to give the impression that the new phenomenon of Palestinian retaliatory attacks is confined to one place, adjacent to the Israeli border and can be easily “dealt with”.

An Israeli military operation in the camp could serve Bennett’s political agenda, convey a sense of strength and win back some members of his disenchanted political constituency. But all this is only a temporary solution. Attacking Jenin now won’t make any difference in the long run. After all, the camp rose from the ashes of its near total destruction by the Israeli army in April 2002.

The new Palestinian attacks speak of a much larger geography: Naqab, Umm Al Fahm, the West Bank. The seeds of this territorial connectivity are linked to the Israeli war of last May and the ensuing Palestinian rebellion, which broke out in all parts of Palestine, including Palestinian communities inside Israel.

Israel’s problem is its insistence on providing short-term military solutions to a long-term problem, itself resulting from these same “military solutions”. If Israel continues to subjugate the Palestinian people under the current system of military occupation and deepening apartheid, the Palestinians will surely continue to react until their oppressive reality changes. No amount of Israeli violence can alter this truth.

The opinions expressed in this article belong to the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Middle East Monitor.

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